Defiance to Improve Wastewater Treatment with Ohio EPA Funds

Defiance is developing a revised and updated long-term control plan to address combined sewer overflows throughout the city’s sewer system, thanks to a low-interest loan from Ohio EPA.

The new long-term control plan will enable the city to better balance the affordability of new wastewater infrastructure projects with the projects’ expected water quality improvements.

The new plan is being developed in three phases: system characterization; alternative development and evaluation; and combined sewer overflow control selection and affordability analysis. This loan is helping with the critical alternative development and evaluation phase.

When the final long-term control plan is completed later this year, it will be submitted to Ohio EPA for concurrence and future implementation. This updated plan is another step in the city’s proactive approach to cost-effectively addressing its wastewater treatment system needs.

Created in 1989, the Water Pollution Control Loan Fund (WPCLF) provides below-market interest rate loans for communities to improve their wastewater treatment systems. The Defiance loan is for $393,750. By using the WPCLF program to fund this planning loan, the city will save almost $60,000 compared to market-rate financing.

Besides improvements to publicly owned treatment works, WPCLF loans have been provided for agricultural best management practices, home sewage system improvements, landfill closures and water quality-based storm water projects. The WPCLF provides technical assistance to public wastewater systems in a variety of areas from the planning, design and construction of improvements to enhancing the technical, managerial and financial capacity of these systems. WPCLF loans also make possible the restoration and protection of some of Ohio’s highest quality water bodies through the fund’s Water Resource Restoration Sponsor Program.

Ohio EPA’s revolving loan funds are partially supported by federal grants and designed to last indefinitely through repayment of loans and investments in bonds. The loan program is managed by Ohio EPA’s Division of Environmental and Financial Assistance, with assistance from the Ohio Water Development Authority. Ohio EPA is responsible for program development and implementation, individual project coordination, and environmental and other technical reviews/approvals of projects seeking funds. The Ohio Water Development Authority provides financial management of the fund.

More information about the WPCLF is available at: epa.ohio.gov/defa/EnvironmentalandFinancialAssistance.aspx.


The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency was created in 1972 to consolidate efforts to protect and improve air quality, water quality and waste management in Ohio. Since then, air pollutants dropped by as much as 90 percent; large rivers meeting standards improved from 21 percent to 89 percent; and hundreds of polluting, open dumps were replaced with engineered landfills and an increased emphasis on waste reduction and recycling.